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Cultivating a Raised Bed

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The concept of the raised bed was created in China. In this populous country, people have learned to collect and use compostable material for thousands of years. The raised bed gardener profits from this knowledge. Yet as with all garden-related things, you cannot simply transfer a method exactly as is.

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Raised-Bed Vegetable Garden 

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In the raised-bed vegetable garden, you can get reap a bountiful harvest the first year. Here is a selection of plants that thrive in lush nutrients: potatoes, leeks, tomatoes, courgettes, corn, celery and all cabbages.

Raised-Bed Herb Garden 

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Herbs are not particularly nutrient-hungry: parsley, lovage, dill and chives. In a pure herb bed, be sure to use meager and permeable soil. The bed should be in full sunshine.

Raised-Bed Flower Garden 

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In the first year high-nutrient demanding plants such as chrysanthemums, sunflowers, geraniums & tulips thrive. In the second year, among others, gloxinias, snapdragons and dahlias. In the less nutritious third year, azaleas, primroses, begonias etc.

Mixed Culture Raised Bed 

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Only with planning can a mixed culture be successful in different raised bed lots. The right crop of fruits comes from the knowledge of plants that can tolerate, promote and not harm one others.

You will have practical reasons for choosing a larch wood raised bed in your vegetable garden since it allows for the back-friendly cultivation of vegetables and lettuce. In addition, the elegant raised beds by Bio Green are a beautiful centerpiece for any garden. They are also suitable for ornamental plants. Elevated beds offer more warmth, since cold air is heavier than warm, cold air stays longer on the floor. In the raised bed, conditions are more favorable, accelerating germination and growth.

But it is possible to improve the conditions even more by using the so-called “compost effect” to create additional heat in the raised bed. If the bed is made up of made of different organic materials such as branches, twigs, sod, manure or compost, the decomposition will result in rotting. The rotting, in turn, results in heat: the temperature in raised beds can be 1-4 °C higher than in an in-ground garden. This way, plants germinate and grow better and more evenly, produce higher yields and can be harvested earlier.

More harvesting, even the cultivation of heat-loving ornamental plants, vegetables or Mediterranean herbs is possible. In addition to heat, nutrients are released from the decomposition which are absorbed by the plants. You would like to buy a raised bed?

In our Bio Green online shop, you will find a large selection of modular raised beds made of larch wood.

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What can be cultivated in the raised bed?

Most likely you will use your raised garden bed to grow vegetables and herbs. There are no differences compared to a "normal garden", except that the cultivating can be done earlier, longer, more comfortably and that the harvest will be more bountiful. If different vegetables are cultivated together on a bed, consider their varying nutrient needs. Herbs, for example, need little nutrients, otherwise they lose taste and fragrance.

Whether neighboring plants tolerate, or even repel, one another also depends on the types of plants you have chosen. Inform yourself in advance or it will not succeed. Tip: ornamental plants are less problematic – they just need proper lighting to thrive.

Planting a raised bed according to all the rules of gardening ​

Whether a raised-bed vegetable, herb or flower garden, or a mixture of all three - the art of gardening in the box is becoming more and more popular. The elevated working surface protects the back of the gardener, the nutrient density and the favorable climate promote plant growth, and, at the same time, create a place where composted garden waste can be introduced regularly. Yet just assembling an elegant wooden raised bed is not enough- successfully planting one is a learned skill.

Taking crop rotation, the needs of low, middle and high nutrient-demanding plants and the composition of a self-supporting mixed culture into consideration is the basis of a successful raised garden bed. The rules described apply to raised-bed vegetable, herb and flower gardens.

Cultivate a raised bed with low, medium and high nutrient-demanding plants

A raised-bed vegetable, herb or flower garden which is planted according to all the rules of gardening, is a small nutrient “power plant”. Rotten brushwood, branches, twigs and small garden waste build the lowest layer. On top of that is the top soil, covered by layers of rich compost soil. A plant which is cultivated in a freshly filled raised bed is continually fertilized during the first year.

This is why it is important to grow only high nutrient-demanding crops during the first year. Otherwise the nitrate accumulations in the herbs and vegetables will be too high. Flowers are also dependent on the right dosage of nutrients and may react badly if given too much.

An overview of important low, medium and high nutrient-demanding plants

In the raised-bed vegetable garden, you can get reap a bountiful harvest during the first year. Here is a selection of plants that thrive in lush nutrients: potatoes, leeks, tomatoes, courgettes, corn, celery and all cabbages. A tip: leek and cabbage can be harvested under a protective fleece or a thermo hood until January.

Medium nutrient-demanding plants should be planted the second year and include carrots, onions, garlic, radishes, lettuce and fennel. During the third year, the fertilizer becomes less effective. Now it’s time for the least demanding vegetables, such as beans, peas, field salad and those fruits which should not be missing in any garden - strawberries. You would like to buy a raised bed?

In our Bio Green online shop you will find a large selection of modular raised beds made of larch wood.

Cultivation of a raised bed: Low, medium and high nutrient-demanding plants in your flower and herb garden  

A wooden raised flower bed is comparable to a huge balcony flower box. It is not as large as a vegetable garden, yet, due to its easy accessibility, significantly simplifies your work as a gardener. In the humus-rich potting soil, high nutrient-demanding flowers such as chrysanthemums, sunflowers, geraniums and tulips thrive in the first year.

When cultivating your raised bed the second year, plant gloxinias, dandelions and dahlias. In the nutrient-poor third year, the flowerbed is suitable for azaleas, primroses, begonias, petunias and pansies. It is also possible to plant a small raised bed with herbs (as long as you do not mix the herbs with the vegetables - see mixed culture). Herbs are not particularly nutrient-demanding.

Medium nutrient-demanding herbs include parsley, lovage, dill and chives. The majority of the other herbs do not require as many nutrients. In a pure raised-bed herb garden, choose meager and permeable soil. The bed should be in full sunshine.

Don’t forget crop rotation

Whether a raised-bed vegetable, herb or flower garden, when it comes to a mixed culture, the hobby gardener enters the professional level. A well-designed mixed culture and crop rotation can only result from a meticulous planning of the plant mixtures and sequences in the different raised bed lots.

The right crop of fruits comes from the knowledge of plants that tolerate one another and promote growth, and those which are hostile and harm each other. The same (chronological) rules apply to the crop rotation which apply to the mixing of plants: choose a vegetable, flower or herbal variety which complements that of the previous year.

Cultivation of a raised bed: The right mix is key

In the case of a raised bed, the mixed and crop rotation plans of plants are quite extensive. Here is a small selection for the mixing of vegetables and herbs:

  • Onions get along well with carrots, strawberries, cucumbers and beetroots
  • Potatoes like kohlrabi and spinach
  • Bush beans like to have savory, several types of lettuce and radishes nearby
  • Celery loves the companionship of all cabbages, leeks and tomatoes
  • Parsley accompanies radishes, radish and tomatoes
  • Beetroot is a good friend of dill and onions

The mixture does not depend solely on tolerability – to plant raised-bed vegetable, herbal and flower gardens, soil permeability, sun requirements and the growth height of plants also needs to be taken into consideration. In the raised-bed herb garden, make sure that most herbs require a lot of sun and a meager, permeable soil. Plant tall plants in northern lots, medium high in the middle and low in the southern areas of the raised bed.

Successfully planting a raised bed requires foresight and a written plan. Good preparation is rewarded with a rich harvest. Do you want to buy a raised bed online?

Visit our online shop now and find your perfect raised bed!

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